The scope of the pharmacy profession is broad and includes a variety of roles and responsibilities. Pharmacists are healthcare professionals who are trained to dispense and manage medication use. They work in a variety of settings, including community pharmacies, hospitals, and clinics, and may also work in industry or research.

Scope of pharmacy profession
Roles of pharmacist in public health

Some of the key responsibilities and tasks of pharmacists include:

Dispensing medications to patients based on prescriptions from healthcare providers: This involves filling and labeling prescription orders, checking for potential drug interactions, and providing instructions on how to take the medication.

Providing patient education:
Pharmacists are often the first point of contact for patients seeking information about their medications. They are trained to provide advice on the proper use of prescription and non-prescription drugs and to answer questions about drug therapy.

Managing medication therapy:
Pharmacists work with patients and other healthcare professionals to design and manage medication treatment plans that are tailored to the individual needs of each patient.

Conducting medication reviews:
Pharmacists may conduct medication reviews for patients to identify any problems or issues with their current medication regimen and to make recommendations for changes or adjustments as needed.

Participating in research 
and continuing education to stay up to date on developments in the field of pharmacy,
 Pharmacists may also be involved in conducting or contributing to research projects related to medication use and effectiveness. 

Providing expertise on drug selection and use:
Pharmacists are experts in the properties and uses of different medications, and they play a key role in helping healthcare professionals select the most appropriate medications for their patients.

Checking for drug contraindications: It is the pharmacist's domain of expertise to point out contraindications if any among the various drugs that a patient might be taking to manage his/her medical conditions.

Compounding medications: Compounding is the process of preparing customized medications for patients. 

This may involve combining, mixing, or altering ingredients to create a medication that meets the specific needs of an individual patient. 

Pharmacists play a crucial role in the compounding process, as they are responsible for ensuring that the medications are prepared safely and accurately. This includes selecting the appropriate ingredients, following proper compounding techniques and guidelines, and verifying the final product to ensure that it meets all necessary specifications. 

Pharmacists may also be responsible for keeping records of the compounding process and for providing patients with information about how to take their customized medications. 

In addition, they may work closely with physicians and other healthcare providers to ensure that the compounded medications are appropriate for each patient.

Inventory management: This includes managing and organizing the medication inventory in their place of work. 

Pharmacists play a key role in inventory management in a number of ways. They are responsible for ordering and stocking medications and supplies, and for keeping track of expiration dates and levels of inventory. 

They also need to ensure that the pharmacy has a sufficient supply of medications and supplies to meet the needs of patients and that there are no shortages or other issues that could compromise patient care. 

In addition, pharmacists may be involved in setting up and maintaining inventory management systems and processes, such as computerized systems for tracking inventory and generating reorder alerts. They may also be responsible for reconciling inventory counts and identifying and investigating any discrepancies.


Overall, the role of pharmacists is to ensure that patients receive the most appropriate and safe medication therapy possible.